Tree-planting is an important way to protect biodiversity and tackle climate change. Although, it’s not just as simple as putting some trees in the ground. Here, we will look at 10 golden rules for tree-planting to make sure you do it in the best way possible.
Protect existing forests first
The best thing to do is to try to protest existing forests. As they are already established they have built up a bio-diverse environment over a period of time. They are also more resilient to drought, fires and storms.
Select the right area for reforestation
Rather than planting trees in natural habitats such as wetlands or grasslands we should plant trees in areas which were historically forested. Perhaps they have become degraded so by planting trees it will help bring it back to its former glory.
Learn by doing
Local and scientific knowledge are important. If you are planning to plant a large number of trees then doing a small-scale trial first is a good idea.
Put local people at the heart of tree-planting projects
It’s important to get local people involved in the tree-planting process. Local communities have the most to gain from looking after their forest in the future. Getting children involved in tree-planting too.
Maximise biodiversity recovery to meet multiple goals
You can achieve several goals, not only helping tackle climate change but improving conservation. Also, it can provide cultural and economic benefits.
Select the right tree species that can maximise biodiversity
Choosing the right trees is crucial. There should be a mixture of species that you would find in the local area. You should include some rare species and trees of economic importance.
Use natural forest regrowth wherever possible
Allowing trees to grow back naturally is better than planting trees.
Make sure the trees are resilient to adapt to a changing climate
Use tree seeds that are suitable for the local climate and are resilient to future climate changes.
Work with local people and plan ahead when sourcing seeds and trees.
Make it pay
Tree-planting and making it sustainable should be source of income to all the stakeholders including the poorest.